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The Nine Emperor Gods Festival (Chinese: 九皇爺Jiu Wang Ye ) is a nine-day Chinese celebration observed primarily in Southeast Asian countries like Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand, also Riau Islands.

The nine emperors gods actually refers to the " Jiu Huang Da Di 九皇大帝" (The Nine Great Emperors) in the Daoist deities system (Daoist Patheon). The birth of the nine emperors happened to be on the 9th of September in the chinese lunar calendar, and this day was often celebrated as the festival of "Jiu Huang 九皇" by the Daoist in Singapore and Malaysia.

The nine emperor gods are very often known as "Bei Dou Jiu Xing 北斗九星" (9 north star plough Gods), since they are gods of the stars or planets. Their mother, "Dou Mu Yuan Jun 斗姆元君" (Mother north star), is also the mother of stars. The nine emperor gods consist of the following:

1. "Gou Chen Tian Huang Da Di 勾陈天皇大帝" (Vega Star) 
2. "Bei Ji Zhi Wei Da Di 北极紫微大帝" (Polaris Star) 
3. The 7 Northern Constellation Stars (called "Bei Dou Qi Xing 北斗七星"): 
a. "Tan Lang 贪狼" 
b. "Ju Meng 巨门" 
c. "Lu Chun 禄存" 
d. "Wen Qu 文曲" 
e. "Lian Zhen 廉贞" 
f. "Wu Qu 武曲" 
g. "Po Jun 破军"


The 7 Northern Constellation Stars. The origin of the nine emperor gods can be traced back to the Daoist worship of the northern constellation during Qin and Han dynasty (北斗崇祀). Actually, the observation and worshipping of stars had already been present among the public before Daoism religion was founded during han dynasty. As daoist religion was developed during han dynasty, it began to absorb this practice of worshipping the stars and began to deitify them as gods.

What, then, is the myth underlying the Festival of the Nine Emperor Gods? There are, in fact, many written and unwritten versions of the Nine Emperor Gods myth, the former transmitted in texts and scriptures and the latter in various regional oral traditions in Malaysia and other parts of Peninsular Southeast Asia.

On the eve of the ninth moon, temples of the deities hold a ceremony to invoke and welcome the nine emperors. Since the arrival of the gods are believed to be through the waterways, processions are held from temples to the sea-shore or river to symbolize this belief. Devotees dressed in traditional white, carrying incense and candles, await the arrival of their excellencies.


Donation & praying for Nine Emperor Gods...


A carnival-like atmosphere pervades the temple throughout the nine-day festival. During this period of time, the constant tinkling of a prayer bell and chants from the temple priests are heard. Most devotees stay at the temple, eat vegetarian meals and recite continuous chanting of prayer. It is believed that there will be rain throughout the nine days of celebration.

There are some pray activities planned among these nine days. Each day has different pray activity especially during night.


Hot Oil Praying Activity:




Procession around Bukit Mertajam town at night and followed by devotees included children and others race - Indian to join started from the procession until the end. The decorated cars came from different temple and has its own beautiful decoration.



Video: Procession at 10.10.10 Sunday night around Bukit Mertajam town.

Others activity photo will be added soon.

The ninth day of the festival is its climax. A procession which draws scores of devotees send the deities to the beach and send back to the stars.